It was in 1853 a competitive examination was introduced for selection of civil servants who would rule British India. The British gradually introduced Indianisation of the Services as also the Indian Armed Forces so that in 1947 when India became independent there was no civil service vacuum as happened in a great deal of British ruled East and West Africa. The Indian Administrative Service could be described as the successor to the Indian Civil Service, whose entire Indian component constituted the premier Civil Service of India after Independence.
The Indian Civil Service serves as the backbone of India and carries great respect and responsibilities as a career. The cream of Indian youth vies for entry into the Indian Civil Services as officers. Even though corporate jobs may offer higher salaries and perks, a majority of youngsters still crave entry to the prestigious Indian Civil Services. A big share of every year's top posts in the civil services exams are bagged by professionals from various streams, proving that the IFS (Indian Foreign Service) and the IAS termed the `steel frame of India' are the most coveted jobs for most young persons.
The Home Secretary belonging to the IAS heads the policing system. Finance Secretary heads all the Revenue officers of the Government. India’s Chief Election commissioner must be an IAS officer. The Chief Vigilance Officer is also an IAS officer. IAS officers become VCs of Universities and many IAS wo/men also become Governors after retirement. No other career or job can offer youngsters the same power, perks, status, privileges, and job satisfaction as the Civil Services including the tremendous opportunity offered to contribute positively to the society.
A brief description of the Civil Services is as follows:
All India Services
• Indian Administrative Service
• Indian Police Service
Group A Services
• Indian Foreign Service
• Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
• Indian Audit and Accounts Service
• Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
• Indian Defence Accounts Service
• Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)
• Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
• Indian Postal Service
• Indian Civil Accounts Service
• Indian Railway Traffic Service
• Indian Railway Accounts Service
• Indian Railway Personnel Service
• Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force
• Indian Defence Estates Service
• Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
• Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III)
• Indian Corporate Law Service
Group - B Services
• Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer's Grade)
• Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
• Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
• Pondicherry Civil Service
• Pondicherry Police Service
• Indian Forest Service
The Union Public Service Commission conducts a nationwide competitive examination for recruitment to the Civil Services listed above. Currently, the Exam is conducted in three stages:
1. UPSC Preliminary examinations are a qualifying exam to select candidates for the mains. It consists of a general studies and an aptitude test.
2. UPSC Mains has the maximum weight-age in terms of marks distribution as well as number of papers. It aims to test the in-depth knowledge (Masters degree-level) of subjects as well as conceptual insights and understanding of a candidate.
3. Personality test or Personal Interview
For more information on the Exam –click here